Doctor Syntax: euthanised August 1838.
Doctor Syntax: euthanised August 1838.
  • Horse skeleton discovered at King Charles II Palace stables

Andrew Atkinson continues a look back to prolific horse Doctor Syntax in Part 2 of an illustrious career on the turf.

Doctor Syntax began his career as a stallion, age 13, in 1824 and sired two classic winners in Ralph, winner of the 2000 Guineas in 1841, and Chapeau d’Espagne, winner of the 1000 Guineas in 1837.

Beeswing sired by Doctor Syntax won the Ascot Gold Cup as a nine-year-old in 1842.

Doctor Syntax was euthanised at Newmarket on August 28, 1838. A horse skeleton was discovered during excavations for the National Heritage Centre for Horseracing and Sporting Art at King Charles II Palace stables in 2014.

In October 1815, Doctor Syntax finished second, behind St Leger winner Filho da Puta, conceding 18lb in the Richmond Cup, with the 1813 St Leger winner Altisidora unplaced. Doctor Syntax also gained a win in a Sweepstakes.

Doctor Syntax went on to win the Corporation Gold Cup at Lancaster for a second time, ahead of beating Filho da Puta in the Preston Gold Cup.

In 1817 Doctor Syntax was beaten by Silenus in the Lancaster Gold Cup, prior to beating Silenus and the 1816 St Leger winner The Duchess in the Preston Gold Cup.

At Richmond in October, Doctor Syntax finished second to The Duchess in the Gold Cup and had  a walkover in a Sweepstakes the following day. Doctor Syntax, undefeated in four starts as a 7-year-old in 1818, won a third Lancaster Gold Cup in June, and a fourth Preston Gold Cup, when beating The Duchess in July, and the Richmond Cup in October.

Following his victory at Richmond the Sporting Magazine reported: “The shouting and huzzaing defied all description and the scenes of celebration more resembled a victory in a contested Election, than a horse race”.

In 1819, Doctor Syntax won the Gold Cups at Lancaster and Preston. At Richmond he finished second to Otho in the Cup; winning the Dundas Stakes 24 hours later.

In 1820 Doctor Syntax was the subject of a painting by the artist James Ward R A, displayed at Brodsworth Hall, near Doncaster.

Doctor Syntax had four recorded races that year. On July 5 he won his fifth Lancaster Gold Cup, beating Sir Walter and the 1819 St Leger winner Antonio. A week later he won his sixth Preston Gold Cup from Comet and Sir Walter. In the autumn he won a second Richmond Cup and a second Dundas Stakes.

In 1821, 10-year-old Doctor Syntax began a rivalry with the 1818 St Leger winner Reveller. On July 4, Doctor Syntax was beaten by Reveller in the Lancaster Gold Cup, reversing the form to win his seventh Preston Gold Cup a week later.

At Richmond in October, Doctor Syntax won both the Richmond Cup and the Dundas Stakes for a third time.

Skeleton of Doctor Syntax?

In 1822, Doctor Syntax was beaten by Reveller in the Lancaster Gold Cup. In September his run of wins in the Preston Gold Cup ended – finishing second to Reveller, with 1821 St Leger winner Jack Spigot, third.

In October, Doctor Syntax won his third Richmond Cup and the Gold Cup at Northallerton, prior to his last season on the turf, winning the Gosforth Stakes at Newcastle in July and the Gold Cup at Pontefract in September.

Doctor Syntax ran third in the Doncaster Fitzwilliam Stakes and fourth in the Doncaster Cup.

His final race was winning the Richmond Gold Cup on September 30, falling after passing the post, escaping serious injury.

With reference to Doctor Syntax’s burial: “A member of the public told us he had read that Doctor Syntax was buried at Newmarket Palace House stables,” said Curator Graham Snelling at the National Horseracing Museum.

“Then, when the skeleton was discovered, it was a potential possibility.

“Where it was buried, it would make sense. Doctor Syntax was euthanised here in 1838.

“It was a very careful digger driver that spotted the skeleton. It would be an amazing find if it turned out to be Doctor Syntax.

“He was one of most consistent racehorses of his time. He went to stud here in 1824. He was a good sire as well as a great racehorse.”

Palace House was built by Charles II in the 17th century.

Experts believe the unusual siting of the remains of the horse underneath the outdoor yard indicate it was a particular favourite of the King.

The horse appears to have been ridden, as the skeleton displays a substantial amount of wear and tear on its joints.

Archaeologist Chris Faine, of Oxford Archaeology, said: “It’s more than possible it was put to sleep.

“It was certainly a racehorse, all the evidence points to that. It could be Doctor Syntax.”